Your Research

Learning outcomes:

After you complete this section you will be able to understand:

  • The different types of research, models and approaches
  • Research design and process
  • The importance of originality and critical analysis
  • How to select a topic and write research questions 


Your research project will develop your ability to demonstrate independent advanced investigation.

Projects can take many forms:

  • practical or theoretical
  • based in a laboratory
  • in the field
  • in a studio
  • in a workplace
  • at home

Projects can make use of experiments, field or laboratory observations, case studies, artistic creativity, or data from secondary sources. They can cover broad or narrow research; they can involve the researcher as an objective individual or as a participant. The choice for your research project is endless and choosing a research topic is a crucial decision. You will need to spend some time getting it right.

It is generally accepted that postgraduate research projects must adhere to certain criteria: they must include a degree of analysis and a degree of originality.

The analysis can be based on:

  • experimental or observational data
  • field-work
  • creative work
  • database(s)
  • archives
  • surveys
  • information in the literature

Data analysis essentially means finding relationships between different items of information and may be quantitative or qualitative.

The next section describes the types of research.