After you complete this section you will be able to understand:
- The different types of research, models and approaches
- Research design and process
- The importance of originality and critical analysis
- How to select a topic and write research questions
Your research project will develop your ability to demonstrate independent advanced investigation.
Projects can take many forms:
- practical or theoretical
- based in a laboratory
- in the field
- in a studio
- in a workplace
- at home
Projects can make use of experiments, field or laboratory observations, case studies, artistic creativity, or data from secondary sources. They can cover broad or narrow research; they can involve the researcher as an objective individual or as a participant. The choice for your research project is endless and choosing a research topic is a crucial decision. You will need to spend some time getting it right.
It is generally accepted that postgraduate research projects must adhere to certain criteria: they must include a degree of analysis and a degree of originality.
The analysis can be based on:
- experimental or observational data
- creative work
- information in the literature
Data analysis essentially means finding relationships between different items of information and may be quantitative or qualitative.
The next section describes the types of research.