Brief to: Canada House of Commons Standing Committee on Agriculture and Agri-Food (AGRI)

AGAINST:          proposed modifications to Bill C-205

FOR:                  CCTV, web-streaming free of trespass or biohazard

I.     Install CCTV to monitor, inform, and sensitize citizens to conditions in food-animal breeding, rearing, transport and slaughter sites without trespass or biohazard

Mandate 24/7 CCTV surveillance and recording in all venues where animals are bred, raised, housed, transported, used in any way, or killed.

Publicly web-stream the CCTV output and recruit the public to monitor the animal husbandry conditions online by reporting any violations of existing regulations (crowd-sourcing). 

This will at the same time make the public aware of what is permissible in animal husbandry under current law.

Live-streaming and permanently archiving all the CCTV data on the web, openly accessible to all, and coded for time and location, make it possible for all citizens to witness, monitor and report any observed abuses within the existing welfare rules as well as to recommend what rules need to be strengthened.


(Note: the following legislation for levying a graduated tax on animal products (II) is not possible without first implementing  the measures for informing and sensitizing the public (I). Only public demand and support can lead to the adoption of II.)

II.   Legislate Progressive Tax to Incentivize Transition to Non-Animal Alternatives. 

Implement, facilitate and accelerate a transition to non-animal alternatives.

Levy a progressive tax, increasing with time, on all consumer purchases of meat, fish, dairy or eggs in supermarkets or restaurants, or any other animal products (such as fur, leather, wool, down). All tax revenue can be used as a rebate on the purchase of non-animal alternatives.

The progressive tax should be levied on all production and vending of meat, fish, dairy or eggs, or any other animal products (such as fur, leather, wool, down). All tax revenue can be claimed by producers and vendors as rebate for the production and sale of non-animal alternatives.

All unclaimed surplus from the tax revenue should be used to provide sanctuaries for animals that survive from the food and fur industries.

Harnad, S:        

To Close Slaughterhouses We Must Open People’s HeartsHuffPost Impact Canada (2015)

Animal sentience: The other-minds problem.  Animal Sentience. 2016 1(1)  

CCTV, web-streaming and crowd-sourcing to sensitize public to animal sufferingAnimal Justice UK, 2, Winter Issue 

MĂ©moire au :  ComitĂ© permanent de l’agriculture et de l’agroalimentaire (AGRI)

CONTRE:               Modifications Ă  la proposition de loi C-205

POUR:                  CamĂ©ras de surveillance et diffusion directe (web-streaming) sans intrusion ou biorisque

I. Installer les camĂ©ras de vidĂ©osurveillance pour informer et sensibiliser les citoyens concernant les conditions aux sites d’Ă©levage, de transport et d’abattage d’animaux destinĂ©s Ă  l’alimentation sans intrusion ni risque biologique

Surveillance CCTV 24/7 obligatoire et enregistrement dans tous les lieux oĂč les animaux sont    engendrĂ©s, Ă©levĂ©s,hĂ©bergĂ©s, transportĂ©s, utilisĂ©s de quelque maniĂšre que ce soit, ou tuĂ©s.

Recruter le public pour surveiller et appliquer les rĂ©glementations existantes en matiĂšre d’élevage par le biais du web-streaming et croud-sourcing, ainsi que pour sensibiliser le public Ă  la rĂ©alitĂ© de ce qui est actuellement permis en Ă©levage.

Surveillance CCTV 24/7 obligatoire et enregistrement dans tous les lieux oĂč les animaux sont engendrĂ©s, Ă©levĂ©s, hĂ©bergĂ©s, transportĂ©s, utilisĂ©s de quelque maniĂšre que ce soit, ou tuĂ©s.

Toutes les donnĂ©es de vidĂ©osurveillance sont diffusĂ©es en direct et archivĂ©es en permanence en accĂšs ouvert sur le Web, codĂ©es selon le temps et l’emplacement, afin que le public puisse tĂ©moigner, surveiller et signaler tout abus observĂ© contre les rĂšgles de bien-ĂȘtre existantes ainsi que pour pouvoir recommander que les rĂšgles soient renforcĂ©es.

(Noter que II (lĂ©gislation) n’est pas possible sans I (sensibilisation) d’abord. Seuls la demande et le soutien du public peuvent conduire Ă  l’adoption de II.)

II. LĂ©gifĂ©rer une taxe graduĂ©e pour inciter Ă  la transition vers des solutions alternatives non-animales. 

Mettre en Ɠuvre, faciliter et accĂ©lĂ©rer la transition vers des alternatives non-animales.

La taxe graduĂ©e, augmentĂ©e avec le temps, sur tous les achats de viande, de poisson, de produits laitiers ou d’oeufs dans les supermarchĂ©s ou les restaurants, ou tout autre produit animal (comme la fourrure, le cuir, la laine, le bas). Tous les revenus fiscaux sont utilisĂ©s comme rabais sur l’achat d’alternatives non-animales.

Taux de taxe sur toute production et vente de viande, poisson, produits laitiers ou oeufs, ou tout autre produit animal (comme la fourrure, le cuir, la laine, le bas). Tous les revenus fiscaux peuvent ĂȘtre rĂ©clamĂ©s par les producteurs et les vendeurs comme remise pour la production et la vente d’alternatives non-animales.

Tous les excĂ©dents non rĂ©clamĂ©s provenant des recettes fiscales sont utilisĂ©s pour fournir des sanctuaires aux animaux qui survivent de l’industrie alimentaire et de la fourrure.

Harnad, S :

Luxe, nĂ©cessitĂ©, souffrance: Pourquoi je ne suis pas carnivore. QuĂ©bec humaniste 8(1): 10-13 

 Pour fermer les abattoirs, il faut les ouvrirLe Huffington Post QuĂ©bec 25/6/2015

 Plaidoyer pour les animauxCJN 2644 2017


Wiebers, David and Feigin, Valery (2020) What the COVID-19 crisis is telling humanityAnimal Sentience 30(1)

ABSTRACT: The planet is in a global health emergency exacting enormous medical and economic tolls. It is imperative for us as a society and species to focus and reflect deeply upon what this and other related human health crises are telling us about our role in these increasingly frequent events and about what we can do to prevent them in the future.

Cause: It is human behavior that is responsible for the vast majority of zoonotic diseases that jump the species barrier from animals to humans: (1) hunting, capture, and sale of wild animals for human consumption, particularly in live-animal markets; (2) massive overcrowding of animals for human consumption in stressful and unhygienic industrial “factory farm” environments; (3) large-scale close confinement of animals for human consumption, a major direct cause of mounting antibiotic resistance; (4) vast numbers of wildlife species threatened with extinction from habitat incursion and destruction.

Action: Intensive confinement of animals in factory farm operations should be discontinued worldwide for the sake of animals, humans, and the environment, and we should rapidly evolve to eating other forms of protein that are safer for humans, including plant-based meat alternatives and meat produced by culturing animal cells. Additional investment in plant-based agriculture to grow crops to feed humans rather than livestock for human consumption will feed more people while utilizing far less land and water, allowing for the preservation of vital ecosystems for innumerable species.

Rather than simply attempting to react to crises like COVID-19 after death and destruction are already upon us, we need to address the fundamental underlying causes and act now to prevent the numerous disasters that are literally waiting to happen.


Cao, Deborah (2020) Global risks of intensive animal farming and the wildlife tradeAnimal Sentience 30(2)

Eshel, Gidon (2020) Pandemic leadership failures and public healthAnimal Sentience 30(3)

Greger, Michael (2020) Whenever possible, treat the cause: Shut down the flu factoriesAnimal Sentience 30(4)

Anomaly, Jonathan (2020) Cultured meat would prevent the next Covid crisisAnimal Sentience 30(5)

Fox, Michael W. (2020) One planet, one healthAnimal Sentience 30(6)

Broom, Donald M (2020) The necessity of human attitude change and methods of avoiding pandemicsAnimal Sentience 30(7)

Schuck-Paim, Cynthia (2020) Intensive animal farming conditions are a major threat to global healthAnimal Sentience 30(8)

Fawcett, Anne (2020) One Welfare, the role of health professionals, and climate changeAnimal Sentience 30(9)

Lovell, Jarret S. (2020) Plant-based diets and COVID-19: Those who harvest crops are at high riskAnimal Sentience 30(10)

Whitfort, Amanda (2020) China’s lack of animal welfare legislation increases the risk of further pandemicsAnimal Sentience 30(11)

Bryant, Christopher J. (2020) Innovation in meat production: a problem and an opportunityAnimal Sentience 30(12)

Feigin, Svetlana (2020) It does not cost the earth to be kindAnimal Sentience30(13)

Morand, Serge (2020) New approach to health and the environment to avoid future pandemicsAnimal Sentience 30(14)

Wyatt, Tanya (2020) Harm, Earth Jurisprudence and human/nonhuman relationshipsAnimal Sentience 30(15)

Robbins, Jesse (2020) Be wary of simple solutions to complex problemsAnimal Sentience 30(16)

Marcum, James A (2020) Can we handle the truth of what COVID-19 is telling us?Animal Sentience 30(17)

Skerratt, Lee (2020) Wildlife health systemsAnimal Sentience 30(18)

Lee, Kelley (2020) Rethinking global governance to address zoonotic disease risks: Connecting the dotsAnimal Sentience 30(19)

Kona-Boun, Jean-Jacques (2020) Anthropogenic suffering of farmed animals: the other side of zoonosesAnimal Sentience 30(20)

Toates, Frederick (2020) Covid-19, evolution, brains and psychologyAnimal Sentience 30(21)

Bergstrom, Bradley J. (2020) Re-engage with the world for global health and animal welfareAnimal Sentience 30(22)

Davis, Tyler; Ireland, Molly E; Van Allen, Jason; and Worthy, Darrell A (2020) Zoonotic realism, computational cognitive science and pandemic preventionAnimal Sentience 30(23)

Gerlai, Robert (2020) Tribal brains in the global village: Deeper roots of the pandemicAnimal Sentience 30(24)

Wehbe, Yzar S. and Shackelford, Todd K. (2020) Appealing to human intuitions to reduce animal abuseAnimal Sentience 30(25)

Hawkins, Ronnie Z. (2020) Thinking longer, looking deeperAnimal Sentience 30(26)

Urbanik, Julie (2020) Reinforcing boundaries does not contribute to changeAnimal Sentience 30(27)

Marazziti, Donatella (2020) Reflections on psychological and psychiatric consequences of COVID-19 pandemicAnimal Sentience 30(28)

Figueroa, Daniela and Duprat, Ximena (2020) Remedying anthropogenic zoonosesAnimal Sentience 30(29)


Wiebers, David and Feigin, Valery (2021) Heeding the call of COVID-19Animal Sentience 30(30)

Abstract:  Our commentators have provided a wide range of valuable perspectives and insights from many fields, revealing a broad interest in the subject matter. 

Nearly all the commentaries have helped to affirm, refine, expand, amplify, deepen, interpret, elaborate, or apply the messages in the target article. Some have offered critiques and suggestions that help us address certain issues in greater detail, including several points concerning industrialized farming and the wildlife trade. 

Overall, there is great awareness and strong consensus among commentators that any solution for preventing future pandemics and other related health crises must take into account not only what is best for humans but also what is best for nonhumans and the environment, given the profound interconnectedness of all life.

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